Don’t think eating meat is wrong? 3 reasons why you should still cut back.

Many vegans adopt a cruelty-free lifestyle for ethical reasons. While I fall into this category, I recognize that it is impossible to force others to share your moral viewpoints. Also, framing the issue as a moral decision actually does a disservice to the cause of veganism. If the idea that “eating meat/ dairy is wrong” does not resonate with somebody’s own ethical code, then framing the issue this way closes people’s minds to the other ways in which their actions are significant. While I personally could talk for hours about the philosophical question of whether it is “wrong” to unnecessarily harm sentient beings, there are factors that hinder this approach from being wholly effective. People’s core beliefs are influenced by things like their family and personal background, their culture, religion, their environment, and more. Unfortunately, those who are passionate about this issue cannot control all of the aforementioned factors. However, what we can do is provide the facts, particularly since ethics are only one of many reasons why somebody should/could/would go vegan.

Although ethics are debatable, these facts are generally not. I hope the following information inspires you to reduce your consumption of animal products, even if you are not ready to commit to eliminating them entirely!

  1. Environmental impact:
    In case it isn’t obvious, it takes far more resources to feed and sustain livestock, which will then be used as food, than it would to feed people the plant products directly. Yet, over 2/3 of all agricultural land is devoted to feeding livestock, while only 8% is used to grow food for direct human consumption.

    Studies have shown that animal agriculture contributes significantly to water use, pollution, and land use, as well as harming our oceans.

    Here is a quote from The Guardian, citing research led by Professor Gidon Eshel, at Bard College in New York state:”

    meatfacts

    Additionally, Stanford’s Woods Institute for the Environment cites that livestock production comprises 18% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Since greenhouse gas emissions and climate change go hand-in-hand, this link is not good news. And, we in America are the biggest contributor; the article states that if everybody on Earth were to consume as much meat as we do, the amount of land required for agricultural production would increase by two thirds.

    Oh, and if you think eating more “humane” meat (i.e. “free range,” “grass-fed” etc.) is a better idea? Think again; it comes with an even higher environmental cost. Did you know that if we were to raise all cows on grass, cattle would use about half of the country’s land– plus they emit more methane than grain fed cows? That “pastured organic chickens” have a 20% larger impact on global warming? That nutrients from the interruption of the life cycle of animals land in our water systems, a major contributor to pollution? Unfortunately, there’s no way around the environmental degradation that accompanies animal agriculture, besides reducing the need for it.
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  2. Health benefits of a vegetarian diet: 
    In general, studies have shown that becoming a vegetarian reduces one’s risk for heart disease, cancer (processed meat is a Group 1 carcinogen, according to the World Health Organization- the same as cigarettes!), type 2 diabetes, and obesity.

    Here is some information from Harvard Health Publications:

    meatfacts2

    And did you know that cholesterol is only found in animal products? So, vegetarians tend to have healthier cholesterol levels than meat eaters, and vegans have some of the healthiest cholesterol levels, according to the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Their bodies produce the amount that they need and they do not consume any more through their diet. Yes, cholesterol is only one facet of health, but high cholesterol leads to health risks such as heart attacks, clogged arteries, gallstones and digestive pain, and more.
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  3. Save money! Don’t let the overprocessed,  overpriced, specialty vegan foods fool you; a vegan diet is cheaper than the standard omnivore’s diet, not more expensive, if properly planned. (Don’t get me wrong, I do love Gardein ❤ but products like these are not necessary for a healthy vegetarian diet.) I often hear the argument that “being a vegetarian/vegan is a luxury that only the privileged can afford.” This is simply untrue. And don’t just take it from me: you can find more information and anecdotes from a variety of perspectives here, here, here, here, here, and here. Do a quick Google search, and you’ll find a bunch more. Or go to the grocery store and shop in just the produce section, instead of whatever your usual list includes; you might be pleasantly surprised. 😉

It’s pretty easy to maintain a “SAD” (Standard American Diet) lifestyle when it feels like a personal choice, based entirely on preference and what tastes good. But when presented with information about how it impacts the environment, your health, and your wallet, is it still all about preferences? The choices that you make impact the people and world around you more than you might have realized, and it is your purchasing power that determines the success of the industry.

Hopefully this information provides you with the motivation to do some research of your own and make choices that are aligned with the contribution you desire to make on this planet. If there are reasons that you don’t feel inclined to change your habits and begin to consume fewer animal products, I would love for you to comment below and start a discussion!

-AK

Why a PhD?

Most of my friends and family would know that, for most of my life, I believed I was destined to become a lawyer. I loved using facts and rhetoric to prove a point. When I was opinionated about a topic (which was most of the time), I could not let my argument go unheard if faced with opposition. I also wanted a job that would provide financial security and I associated the law with a relatively high degree of prestige. I was passionate about politics, and thought that studying law was the first obvious step on the path to political involvement.

To pursue this goal, I went to college and studied political science. I found my educational experience so fulfilling because of my amazing professors, and I quickly developed a very close relationship with the library. I still wanted to attend law school, and that goal motivated me toward high academic achievement. However, when it came time to begin the process of taking admissions tests and actually applying, I began to reassess my plan.

A few summers ago, I was fortunate to intern with the Washington Council of Lawyers, a public interest bar association located in Washington D.C. This was an awesome experience; they had a mission that aligned with my values– to expand access to justice by getting as many lawyers to practice pro bono or “low” bono as possible. Through this internship, I had the opportunity to meet with many lawyers and pick their brains about their career paths, ask for advice, and learn what their work was like on a day-to-day basis. While I walked away from this experience still hoping to become a lawyer, only upon further reflection did I realize that the daily life of a lawyer was, perhaps, not for me. (This seems to paint the profession of law with a broad brush, but after researching the lifestyle associated with the types of law that interested me the most, this was my conclusion.) I realized that work-life balance was actually very important to me. I also realized that the type of fulfillment that I hoped to gain by working within the law would possibly be better achieved by working to change and impact our laws in another way. However, after an internship with the Maryland General Assembly, I also ruled out working as a staff member for a legislator; despite my immense respect for the work that they do and the impact they have on the process, I learned that the behind-the-scenes work did not provide the expressive outlet that I was looking for.

Reflecting on my academic and professional experiences revealed that the times when I felt the most fulfilled were the times when I was given the opportunity for creative inquiry. Summer internships at the House of Representatives’ Historian’s Office and the Library of Congress’s Publishing Office offered me the chance to research and write; although the work was focused on history more than politics, I found it intellectually fulfilling on a daily basis. I also did a lot of thinking about the people who inspired me the most, and realized that all of my professors fell into that category. This was when I first looked into obtaining a PhD.

Fast forward through taking the GRE, researching academics in my field of interest, applying to programs, explaining myself to friends and family, and ultimately deciding to join the program at GW in Washington D.C., here are some of the reasons why I am so excited for this new journey.

  1. I’m not done learning. Okay, I never will be done learning, and neither will anybody who lives their life to the fullest, in my opinion. What I mean by this is that, even after 4 years of college courses, I did not feel that I had learned all that I wanted to about political science–  not even close. I honestly felt that I could have spent many more years staying up past midnight in the library reading and writing about politics, continually learning and increasing my knowledge and understanding of the world and the people in it.
  2. The setting. My desire to study political science stems from a deeper rooted curiosity about why people think and act the way they do, and why they believe the things that they do. What better a setting to study these things than in D.C., during this administration and with all of the current political ongoings? No offense intended, but on either side of the political spectrum, the amount of ideological inconsistency at the individual level seems to be impressively high. I am also extremely interested in the media and its impact on public opinion, so, as you might imagine, I am looking forward to studying “fake news.”
  3. I don’t just want to be a professor. While becoming a professor would be a dream job, I do not enter this experience with unrealistic expectations about the job market or my own prospects within it. I see a PhD in political science as an avenue for me to gain methodological skills while also achieving my own personal goals of research and inquiry in a subject area about which I am interested and passionate. I know that there are plenty of analytical research positions available outside of academia, should I need to resort to that option. Sure, I could probably gain the methodological skills needed to succeed in this realm elsewhere, but that would not be as personally rewarding, in my opinion (will update on whether I still feel the same approximately 4-5 years from now).
  4. It’s funded. No, I probably won’t be making more money than I would with another form of employment Yes, the opportunity cost is worth it to me. If you are a college student looking into post-grad plans and don’t realize the funding opportunities that exist at many grad schools, I highly recommend you do some research on this, because I never imagined I could be paid to obtain a graduate education. My program will cover the cost of tuition and provide me with a stipend for living expenses, allowing time to focus on my research and work. This was actually a major factor in my decision.
  5. Numbers and survey research. I studied political science at a liberal arts college, and thus, I did not get much quantitative training, aside from one senior level course. I am not the best at math, but I want to improve and I get so excited about the opportunity to use numbers and statistics to display trends.
  6. Finding stuff out. If you are in, or have ever thought about attending a PhD program, we are probably like-minded and you know exactly what I mean when I refer to that cool feeling you get when your research leads to a discovery that seemingly nobody has previously made.
  7. The challenge. I appreciate criticism because it helps me to be and achieve my best. While I am somewhat nervous for the rigor of PhD courses and my own independent research, I anticipate the process of researching and working and soliciting feedback and then reworking to be difficult, tedious, but ultimately rewarding. (This might be a “me” thing, but I like that kind of process.)
  8. I am a little bit odd in the sense that the downsides don’t really scare me. I am not afraid of spending the next 5-7 years not earning money or working in the traditional sense, because I have grown up in such a way that I really only value money insofar as it provides for my basic needs and wants, which are relatively minimal. I also am not intimidated by the amount of work that will be required, the difficult job market, or the admittedly low percentage of people who finish their PhDs. In a weird way, all of these aspects excite me. Which is probably why I am one of the “crazy” few to start on such a journey.

Do you think you would ever pursue a PhD? What do you think of academia and the nerds like myself who never want to leave?

-AK

New Beginnings

A week ago, I graduated from college with a B.A. in Political Science and minors in Spanish and Economics. While I have temporarily returned to my old job at Starbucks, after this summer, I will be returning to school to begin a PhD program. Right now, it feels like life as I’ve known it for quite a while is coming to an end. In reality, though, there are a host of opportunities before me. Instead of being scared or focusing on the past, I choose to look at this transitional period as a chance to start fresh and begin anew. What better time to start a blog to share my journey?

Although I chose “9 to 5” as the title for this blog, I believe that there is so much more to life than work. My senior thesis focused on work-life balance policies in the U.S., and this balance is a topic I am pretty passionate about. While a life structured around a typical 9 to 5 job may be comfortable and “normal,” after several internships and various part time jobs, I have determined that the typical office job is not going to foster the life I want. Instead, I would like to create a path for myself that integrates my work with the rest of my life. I have been a nerd who cares relatively little about money or status, and much more about knowledge and experiences, for as long as I can remember; clearly, academia felt like the most fitting choice for me. Here, I will document my version of the 9 to 5– i.e. my daily life. In particular, I’ll focus on:

Work: I study political science and hope to become a researcher or academic one day. I am going to write about current events from that perspective. I also hope to incorporate updates about what it is like to be a PhD student, and any other topics related to my work or to politics that may be of interest!

Health: one thing that is a huge priority in my life is health. Without getting too philosophical… I see my body as a vessel that I’ve been blessed with to enjoy life on this planet, and I want to ensure that I can do so for as long as possible. I love pursuing different ways of staying active and aiming to be as healthy as I possibly can. Thus, I will use this as an outlet to set goals and keep track of my progress and success in achieving them. This also encompasses mental health, so I will be sure to include my tips for maintaining an overall positive outlook.

Lifestyle: I’ve never been one to have a single hobby that took up the majority of my time. Instead, I love learning new things and doing a little of everything that interests me; reading, knitting, Netflix, playing guitar, makeup and beauty, fashion, cooking (despite that my family believes I should stay as far from the kitchen as possible), and various other fun pastimes all play a role in my life.

Veganism: my brother snickered at me when I told him that I was going to use this category to help keep me accountable to my ethical dietary choices, but, it’s true. I became passionate about veganism about a year ago, but there were points this year when I did not make the most “vegan” choices. I want to blog about why veganism is important to me, contribute to current discussions in the vegan community, share recipes, and more.

The above is what you can look forward to reading about here, but I reserve the right to add to this list 😉

Can’t wait to start sharing more about my work and life, and how I balance the two. Do you find that your life is dominated by work and stress, or have you successfully struck a balance? Leave your tips below!

-AK